unar surface.T

system.Researchers hope the seeds will grow to blossom on the Moon, with the process captured on camera and transmitted to Earth.Although astro▓nauts have cultivated plants on the International Space Station, and rice and arabidopsis were g▓rown on China's Tiangong-2 space lab, those experiments were conducted in low-Earth orbit, at an altitude of about 400 kilometers▓. The environment on the Moon, 380,000 kilomet▓ers from the Earth, is more complicated.Liu Hanlo▓ng, chief director of t

he experiment and vice president▓ of Chongqing University, said since the Moon has no atmos▓phere, its temperature ranges from lower than minus 100 degrees centigrade to higher than 100 degrees centigrade▓."We have to keep the temperature in the 'mini bio

ge and musta

rd,

on into the tin to make the plants grow,"▓ said Xie Gengxin, chief designer of the exp▓eriment."We want to study the

and probably s

  1. ome silkworm eggs to c
  2. onduct the first biological expe
  • riment on the Moon.The "
  • lunar mini biosphere" experime

nt was desig

respiration of the seeds and the photosynthesis on the Moon," said Liu."Why pot▓ato and arabidopsis? Because the growt▓h period of arabidop

ned by 28 Chines

sis is short and convenient to observe. And potato could become a major source of food for future space travelers," said Liu. "Our ▓experiment might help accumulate know▓ledge for building a lunar base and long-term residence on the Moon."The public, especia▓lly young people, are being encouraged to participate in the Chang'e-4 mission. The China National Space Administration (CNSA) launched a contest among students across Ch▓ina in 2016, collecting ideas on the design of▓ the payloads.The "lunar mini biosphere" experiment was selected from more than 200 submissions, accordi▓ng to the CNSA.Tidal forces of the Earth hav▓e slowed the Moon's rotation to the point where the same side always faces the Earth, a phenomenon call▓ed tidal locking. The other face, most of which i▓s never

e universities

visible from the Earth, is the far side of▓ the Moon.With its special environment and com▓plex geological history, the far side ▓is a hot spot for scientific and space exploration. However, landing and roving there requires a relay satellite to transmit signals.It has been reported that China plans to send a re▓lay satellite for


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